Yoga

The History of Yoga: Vedic Yoga

How deep is your knowledge about the history of yoga and its periods? Have you known that vedic yoga is considered as the earliest period in yoga? In our previous article, we wrote briefly about history of yoga and the periods in yoga. Now, we provide you deeper explanation about the first period of yoga, vedic yoga.

The Origins of Vedic Yoga

Vedic Yoga also known as Archaic Yoga as the adherents believed in a ritualistic way of life. The sanskrit words of Vedic have the meaning as knowledge. The teachings were found in the Rig-Veda along with three ancient hymnodies. They are Yajur-Veda (Knowledge about Sacrifice), Sama-Veda (Knowledge about Chants) and Atharva-Veda (Knowledge about Atharvan).

The teachings explain about reuniting the visible material world with the spiritual world surpassing the mind limitations.

Rig-Veda
Inside the Rig-Veda, the Yoga word was first mentioned. Rig-Veda is the collection of Vedic sanskrit hymns which praise for the higher power. Until the recent days, some of Vedic sanskrit hymns still rehearsed and memorized by Hindu prayers. The continuous use of Vedic sanskrit hymns makes them among the oldest narrated religious text.

Yajur-Veda, Sama-Veda and Atharva-Veda

Vedic Yoga also mentioned in Yajur-Veda, Sama-Veda and Atharva-Veda. The explanations of these three ancient hymnodies are as follows:

  • Yajur-Veda (Knowledge about Sacrifice)
    Yajur-Veda is estimated to have been composed between 1,400 and 1000 BC. It describes the sacrificial formula (mantras) which were frequently used by Vedic priests to perform the sacrifices of the religion of the Vedic Yoga period. There are two versions of the Yajur-Veda. They are Shukla Yajur-Veda (white) and Krishna Yajurveda (black).
  • Sama-Veda (Knowledge about Chants)
    Sama-Veda earliest parts are believed to date from 1000 BC. It contains a collection of hymns, portions of hymns and detached verses to accompanying the sacrifices.
  • Atharva-Veda (Knowledge about Atharvan)
    Atharva-Veda contains the magical incantations for all occasions but also includes numbers of philosophical hymns. The Atharva Veda is less predominant than other hymnodies as the Vedic priests used it rarely inside the ritual.

Once the Vedic followers are able to complete the lessons successfully, they will be gifted with an experience of the transcendental reality.

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